Accounting Services for Business

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Sub Ledger Bookkeeping

Bookkeeping Services – Sub Ledger

This page includes information about bookkeeping services related to ‘Sub-Ledger’. Sub-Ledger is the ledger containing all of the detailed sub-set of transactions. The total of the transactions in the ‘Sub-Ledger’ roll up into the ‘General Ledger’. For example, a ‘Sub-Ledger’ may contain all accounts receivable, or accounts payable, or fixed asset transactions. Subject to the type of ‘Sub-Ledger’, it might cover information about transaction dates, descriptions, and amounts billed, paid, or received. A summary-level entry is intermittently recorded in the ‘General Ledger’. If someone is researching information in the ‘General Ledger’ in an account that contains this summarised level of information, he or she must then access the ‘Sub-Ledger’ to review transaction-specific information.

The purposes of a ‘Sub Ledger’

Contained within a ‘Subsidiary Ledger’ are the details to support a ‘General Ledger’ control account. For instance, the ‘Subsidiary Ledger’ for accounts receivable contains all of the information on each of the credit sales to customers, each customer’s remittance, return of merchandise, discounts, and so on. With these details in the ‘Subsidiary Ledger’, the Accounts Receivable account in the ‘General Ledger’ can be a control account. As a control account, it will simply report the aggregate amounts of the accounts receivable activity.

By having the details of the accounts receivable activity in a ‘Subsidiary Ledger’, your company can better control its financial information. For example, the credit manager and others in the credit department of a company will have access to any and all of the credit sales information through the ‘Subsidiary Ledger’ without having access to any other account in the company’s General Ledger’.

In job order costing systems, the job cost sheets or records serve as the ‘Subsidiary Ledger’ containing the detail for the general ledger account Work in Process. The Work in Process account is now a control account containing aggregate amounts for direct materials, direct labour, factory overhead applied, transfers to finished goods, etc. Manufacturing personnel will have full access to the job cost sheets without gaining access to other accounts in the ‘General Ledger’.

Since companies are integrating accounting records with their other information into one database, I assume there will be less use of the term ‘Subsidiary Ledgers’ in the future. There will likely be a report generated to provide the information formerly contained in the ‘Subsidiary Ledger’.

Last modified: March 3, 2021